National Association of Physical Education and Sports

1st National Conference
2nd National Conference
3rd National Conference
4th National Conference
5th National Conference

Venue: - H.V.P.Mandal, AMRAVATI - INDIA
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The National Conference on Traditional Physical Education, Sports and games was recently organized by the DCPE in a joint collaboration with HVPM and S.G.B. Amravati University Amravati with grand success. About more than 200 participants from different States of India attended the Event. Over and above, 18 members team from Poland interested in yoga and traditional sports were the quest participants. Program of the conference was designed and executed in there parts i.e. Scientific Session, physical display and Exhibitions. Scientific session was packed with paper presentation, key note, quest lecture and symposia. Morning and evening time was on playing field to witness display of traditional sports and games, mass drills of school students and martial arts. Cultural items like folk dance in traditional colorful attire with the accompaniment of typical music and song s of different states of India, was the center of attraction of the delegates. Exhibition attracted attention of the delegates. Documentation of 100 Years history of H.V.P.Mandal, stall of the traditional equipment / apparatuses of exercises, painting on the theme of sports for all of school students and amateur artists, modal and gadgets of sports based on the principles of electronics, electric and mechanics designed and prepared by Engineering students, evolution of archery, ancient texts and modern books, research theses on traditional sports, games and yoga, sports philately, etc were on display, which fetched rush of not only the delegates, but also of local students and people of Amravati. All the three days of Conference proved informative, educative and entertaining. It was in real sense a curtain raiser of the Global event ahead. The glimpses link of this conference is available on website

Date : 8-10 FEB. 2008
Venue : Shree Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal, Amravati (Mah.)
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The nation has recognized education as fundamental right of a child. According to the Judgment of the Supreme Court (1993) the fundamental right to education is ensured to all children upto the age of 14, including children in the age group of 0-6. As per Article 141 of the Constitution of India, the law declared by the Supreme Court attains the status of the law of the land. Development of a child is, therefore, responsibility of the State. Health, Nutrition and Education are the three basic needs of a child. The State is to provide necessary support system to the child to meet these needs. (Annex-1)

Education, in its broader meaning, aims at providing systematic programme which would result into all round development of a child. Play is a biological and social need of a child and, therefore, forms inseparable and integral part of educational programme. Involvement of a child in playful activities is a natural phenomena. Walking , running, catching, throwing, jumping, pulling, pushing, lifting, rolling, hanging etc. are the motor skills to be learnt in early childhood. Based on these movements are the fundamental skills of most of the games and sports. There is, therefore, need to guide the child in its motor learning and skill development.

Primary education of the child should be based on motor learning. Secondary education stage is more effective for skill learning and habit formation. Schools should provide necessary sports facilities and supervised sports programme as a part of curriculum. Concept of whole-day school should be gradually accepted, where children get equal opportunity to play and study. Morning breakfast, mid-day meals and evening snacks should be provided to the child. Arrangement should also be made to have periodical health check up of the students and maintain their data-base. Such type of education pattern would yield better results in academic and sports performance.

Broad-based programme of education includes physical education and sports, art and crafts, science, language, history and geography, etc. Involvement of a student in whole-day programme of education will promote all round development. Efforts should be made by the State and Central Governments to provide necessary infrastructure facilities in the form of indoor hall and playgrounds, technical manpower of teachers of physical education and supply of play equipment. A phased time-bound programme of school development throughout the country should be undertaken with the joint efforts of the government and the school managements. Concept of granting status of a "Sports Schools" should be developed; for those schools having playgrounds, gymnasium and residential facilities, with slight support in the form of providing coaches and sports equipment in the disciplines in which the schools have proper infrastructure. Accountability of results be fixed on coaches and physical education teachers. Such schools may serve nurseries of would be sports persons.

Colleges and Universities, particularly those of Physical Education and Sports may be developed as centres of potential excellence in competitive sports. These institutions of higher learning should also produce scientific and technical man power to take care of sportspersons in their health, fitness and monitoring of their training programme.

Need based orientation and refresher courses should be planned and executed for coaches and teachers of physical education working in training centers and educational institutions. This should be the on-going programme.

Traditional Akhadas, Vyayam Shalas, Vyayam Mandals, Youth Clubs, Sports Associations should be encouraged to create atmosphere congenial to sports and national harmony. A sports culture should be developed in the society.

Proper attention of the State needs to be paid towards development of sports industry in the state. Production of low-cost sports equipment like balls, bats, hockey sticks, gymnastic equipment, malkhamb, nets and rackets, etc. will enable the schools to purchase them in required quantity and put them to use by the students. Sports industry should be brought under small sector or be promoted as part of village industry. Short term innovative job-oriented technical courses in sports goods manufacturing and sports dresses tailoring should be designed and started in the state through industrial training institutes. This would provide job opportunity to lakhs of youth.

Excellence in sports performance is the effect of consorted and consolidated efforts of all stake holders and agencies working in the field of education, industry and sports science.

A perspective plan of at least ten years duration based on the points cited above would "make India a vibrant, leading-edge sporting nation in the world", as envisaged in the draft of Comprehensive National Sports Policy-2007.

National Association of Physical Education and Sports (NAPES) with its nationwide net-work is fully prepared and equipped to share the government in executing the policy in its true spirit and letter.

With this introduction and background, the Association is honoured to submit this document containing deficiencies and amendments proposed to the Draft of Comprehensive National Sports Policy -2007. The Document also contains a set of recommendations of this Association to bring positive changes in the existing pattern of education, physical education and sports.

The 'NAPES' had its 4th National Conference at Amravati (Mah.) on 8-10 February 2008. Encouraging participation of its national-wide members, University Representatives, State Govt. representatives, Sports Journalists, Principals and faculty members of the Colleges of Physical Education, Sports Coaches and Physical Education Teachers etc. was observed at the conference.

Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Govt. of India New Delhi had specially deputed Mr. Joe Sebastian, Director (Sports) to attend the conference on the Draft Comprehensive National Sports Policy-2007 and the Teacher Training Programme of Physical Education in India which was continued for three days.

The present text of amendments and recommendations is the outcome of the National Conference.

1 Recommendation
The title on sports policy be renamed as National Physical Education and Sports Policy-2008. Physical Education and Sports are to be considered two sides of the coin.
The nomenclature Comprehensive National Sports Policy excluding Physical Education, does not convey the meaning totally. It reflects only competitive or recreational aspect of sport. Educational and Social values of sports are percolated only through the term 'Physical Education'.

2 Recommendation
For the proper implementation of the Sports Policy and Physical Education programme nation-wide basis, Physical Education and Sports may be included in the concurrent list.

3 Recommendation
There should be a "National Council of Physical Education Research and Training" (NCPERT) in line with 'NCERT'- with autonomous status which will be responsible for all matters relating to sports and Physical Education Programme in Schools, Physical Education Colleges and Universities.
There are about 300 and odd colleges of physical education and University Departments of Physical Education in the country, a few are added to the list every year. In order to have proper and healthy growth of the colleges / departments of physical education and to become 'Centres of Sports Excellence', there is need for the formation of National Council of Physical Education Research and Training as early as possible.

4 Recommendation
Physical Education may be made a compulsory subject at Primary, Secondary and Higher Secondary levels of education and adequate qualified teachers be appointed to comprehensively, cover the curriculum designed by NCERT, and make it a subject for examination.

5 Recommendation
This House strongly recommends to the State Govts. to make appointment of physical education teachers in secondary and higher secondary level mandatory, similar to other subject teachers with parity in student-teacher ratio.

6 Recommendation
Sports goods manufacturing and marketing courses be designed and implemented in Industrial Training Institutes by the Technical Education Board of the State, with the object to boost sports industry, to make available low cost equipment to people and to promote self-employment to the graduates of physical education.

7 Recommendation
The Boards of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education are requested to consider establishment of fitness laboratories in a phased manner in Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools, in line with Science or Biology laboratory to enable the students to know their health and fitness level and further to improve it.
This association is having a plan of 'Fitness Laboratory' equipped with low cost testing equipments.

8 Recommendation
Universities are the resources for producing potential sports persons at national and international level in most of the advance countries. In view of the huge Youth Power of our Universities in India, it is recommended that the Centre of Excellence in selected sports disciplines be established in some of the Universities based on certain criteria, with the financial assistance from UGC, SAI or the Ministry of Sports.

9 Recommendation
The Govt. should encourage industrial houses, corporate bodies, private and public sector undertakings to adopt educational institutions and form sports academy in selected disciplines there by providing infrastructure support and standard equipments. Such companies or houses or sectors may be granted appropriate tax concessions.

10 Recommendation
It is strongly recommended that the colleges of physical education and university deptt. of physical education may establish a Placement Cell to disseminate information to education institutes, to industrial companies, recreational centres, star hotels for employment of trained teacher, fitness trainer, yoga expert, aerobic instructor and Sport/Health Club Manager.

11 Recommendation
The State Govts are requested to consider making legal provision for creating posts such as sports officers, Youth welfare officer, fitness expert, sports consultant, Yoga Instructor, etc. in Corporate Bodies, Panchayat Samiti, Hospitals, NYKS, Municipal Councils, Zilla Parishads, Industrial Houses, Private and Public Sector undertakings to promote placement of the products of professional colleges of Physical Education.

12 Recommendation
The National Association of Physical Education & Sports a voluntary registered body functioning since the year 1992, be recognized by the Govt. at Centre as consultative and collaborative body of the Government in the subject of physical education and sports.
It is also further requested to give representation to this Association on following bodies:
1 National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
2 National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT)
3 Sports Authority of India.
4 Association of Indian University

13 Recommendation
a) It is recommended that simple, illustrative and informative books on rules, play skills and training in different sports and games in English and regional languages be published by the Text Book Bureau of the State Govt.

b Motivational and inspirational audio-video presentations of great Indian and international sports persons and clips of recent mega sports events, coaching and training, etc. be made available to Sports Training Centres, colleges of physical education, university departments of sports and other educational institutions at subsidized rates.

14 Recommendation
In view of the momentum gained by sport movement in India due to successfully hosting of Afro Asian Games in 2003 at Hyderabad, the World Military Games at Hyderabad in 2007, and now India is preparing for the Commonwealth Youth Games in coming October 2008 at Pune, followed by the Commonwealth Games in 2010 at Delhi and bidding for Olympic Games in 2016 or 2020, it is high time for the Sports Regulating Authorities at State and Central Govt. level to consider implementing physical education & sports programme right from primary school level onward by creating, basic infrastructure, providing low-cost sports equipment and appointing physical education teachers in primary schools all over India.

15 Recommendation
The authoritative statutory bodies like NCTE, UGC, the Universities and State Department of Higher Education which monitor the functioning of the colleges and university departments of Physical Education in the matter of finance, appointments, promotions of teachers, project proposals and other relevant issues should have understanding and coordination regarding policy and rules pertaining to these issues.


Date : 29,30 & 31ST DECEMBER 2000
Participants : 350

Recommendations :
A) Policy
1) National policy on physical education and sports
It was resolved to recommend to the Policymakers to draft a National Policy on Physical Education and sports.
2) Accreditation Body
In the pattern of the other National Professional Bodies it was resolved to constitute an apex accreditation Body to monitor professional preparation in Physical Education and sports.

3) Association :
It was resolved to for Physical Education and Sports Association on a Federal Setup under one agency by systematic unification of the existing bodies.
4) Academics :
a) It was resolved to recommend to the concerned authorities (School/Colleges/Universites) to provide Physical Education ad sportsas a part of Academic Descipline in appointments promotions and status on a par with other academic Disciplines
b) It was resolved to recomment to implement Yashpal committee Report-Restructuring Academic Load and substituting by Physical Education and sports Activities.
c) It was resolved to recommend to the restructure the activity programmes in Physical Education and Sports at different levels of school Education with the inclusion of Adventure Sports.
d) It was resolved to recommend the Renewal of Physical Motor, Fitness Batteries (National Physical Motor fitness Programmes)
e) It was resolved to recommend special Physical Education and sports Activities in Programmes for the Challenge Group.
f) It was resolved to recommend the importance and placement of Health Education, Physical education & Sports Curriculums at all levels of education.
g) It was resolved to recommend to the Concerned Authorities to review, revise and restructure the course curriculum of Under Graduate and Post Graduate level of Professional preparation in Physical Education Teacher Training Institutions. (College, Universities and other institutions in India)
h) It is resolved that there should be uniformity in designation of Physical Education & Sports personnel Serving in Schools, Colleges, Teacher Training Colleges.


Venue : Wus Centre
81, Spurtank Road
Chetput, Madras - 600 031

Date : 29th & 30th March 1996

Participants : Physical Education Teachers, Directors of Physikcal Education of Schools, Colleges and Universities, Association of Sports and Games, Sports Administrators, Sports Men & Women, Representatives of Government and Social Service Organisations, Sports Clubs, Parents, School/ College Principals & Headmasters, Sports Journalists and well wishers from all over the country.
To Critically analyze the state of affairs of Physical Education and Sports in India.
To study and examine the present status of Physical Education and Sports personnel.
To Draft and design the course of action for the future based on our past experience and our National Resources and policy perspectives. Aiming at the NEW CENTRURY'S THRUST THROUGH A PROCESS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS FOR 2000 AD AND BEYOND.


Areas of Disscussion
a) Pre-Primary & Primary level
b) Secondary/Senior Secondary/Junior College
c) College Education & University (UG & PG)
d) Community Level
Disscussion Input
a) Statewide profile and reports on Physical Education and Sports
b) Curriculum at all level and delivery models.
c)Professional Preparation & Employment Potential
d) Professional Status & Career Oportunities
e) Professional Inservce training / updating to ensure knowledge in modern trends ect.
f) Community & industry base activities
g) International relations & Institutional Co-operation including exchange programmes
h) Research & Development
i) And other aspects of National Importance & development



The National Conference of Physical Education and Sports was convened on 7th and 8th February 1992 under the auspices of the National Association of Physical Education and Sports on the campus of the H.V.P.Mandal, Amravati.
1. Fixing up the norms / criteria for accreditation of the physical education colleges
2. Visit to the colleges of physical education & to submit reports about the existing
and the status of up coming colleges in various states with due permission and
recognition of the authorities.(NCTE) :
3. Meeting of the liaison officers for more active and functioning :
4. Membership drive for enrolling members in a larger number so that the financial
position can be improved :
5. Since physical education forms a part of the primary school curriculum-
Classes I to VIII it should be required subject in the course content of Primary
Teacher Education Colleges. This association should work out a Suggested
6. In-service primary school teachers should be given an opportunity to go through orientation programme in physical education. Such courses should be of a duration of 4 weeks of weekend courses may be conducted by the members of the NAPES in their locality. Colleges of physical education can shoulder this responsibility for persons in the neighbouring locality. By way of incentive in service primary school teachers under going the orientation programme may be given two advance increments.
7. i) An outline of the course content of the orientation programme with emphasis on its practical aspect should be prepared by the NAPES. The members of the Executive Committee and the State Liaison Officers should join hands with the staff of the existing colleges of physical education wherever they exist in conducting orientation courses of short duration or weekend courses. The co-operation of the local authorities should be secured for the purpose.
ii) In urban Areas wherever Corporation & Municipalties exist, weekend orientation programme may be organized with the help of the concerned authorities.
iii) In Rural areas of the Zilla Parishad and Panchayat Sameetee authorities should be persuaded to offer facilities for orientation programme.
8 i) The NCERT have already framed a model syllabus in physical education for classes, I to VIII and State Governments have adopted the same with suitable additions and alterations suiting to the local interest. The National Association should endeavour to poppularise this curriculum in physical education for primary schools through discussion, meetings and even day Seminars. Efforts should be made to see that each primary school has atleast one copy of the syllabus in physical education for classes I to VIII.
ii) In classes I to V daily one period is provided for physical education and in classes VI to VIII there should be five periods per week. The State and District Physical Education Associations may make all efforts to impress with education authorities that this requirement is followed by primary schools.
iii) The minimum requirement in respect of play areas and equipment for primary schools be maintained. Our effort should be to bring this requirement to the notice of local authorities so that they may take up this programme in a phased manner and see that primary schools in their jurisdiction fulfill this requirements.
iv) Finally as recommended by the National Policy of Education, Physical education should be a subject of evaluation for primary school children and should enjoy status at par with other academic subjects.
v) By way of incentive , it would be a very encouraging step, if the State Government and local authority offers two advance increments to teachers in their scale of salary for those who complete the orientation programme. Such a step will attract the inservice primary school teachers to join the orientation programme.
9. The pupil teacher ratio in High/Higher Secondary Schools should be one teacher for 250 pupils. For strength over and above 250, additional physical education teachers should be appointed in the same ratio or a fraction thereof. Persons qualified as Bachelor of Physical Education OR Bachelor of Education with Physical Education should be appointed in High Schools. Their status, pay scales, work load etc should be at par with their counter parts persons holding Master's degree in Physical Education should be appointed in Higher Secondary Schools.
10. Physical Education should be an examination subject in High/Higher Secondary School and should have weightage at per with other class room subjects for annual promotions.
11. Physical education should be compulsory in the 1st year of all colleges. The NAPES should prepare suggestive draft syllabus. Incentive marks should be given to students participating in Inter-collegikate Inter-university Sports
12. In Colleges, lecturers in physical education should be appointed in the ratio of one lecturer for 1000 students or a fraction thereof. Lecturers in Physical education should be appointed as per qualifications laid down by the U.G.C. and should enjoy status, pay scales, promotion avenue at par with other college lecturers.
13. The existing colleges of Physical Education should here after conduct 3 years courses in physical education after 10+2 to qualify as Bachelor of Physical Education or Sports. They should go through a course in methodology of teaching.
14. The Master's Degree in physical education should be of 2 years duration uniformly throughout the country, vacation courses in the Master's Degree should be discontinued hereafter to maintain the high standards of such persons and to provide opportunity of research/ experimental work during the period of training of two years.
15. Faculty improvement programme should be implemented effectively to provide opportunity to lecturers in physical education for further improvement. Every University should have a separate faculty for physical education.
16. A Research Cell should be established with NCERT, New Delhi or LNCPE, (LNWPE) Gwalior which should scrutinize syllabus in physical education, evaluation programme in the subject and other requirements of the discipline.

Association needs central recognition.

a) As recommended in the conference, we have worked out a draft course content in physical education and sports to be included in the primary teacher education colleges. If this recommendation is accepted it may be circulated to various Governments in the country for suitable action. Then only prospective primary school teachers will be qualified to teach and promote physical education in primary schools.
b) The steps suggested in recommendation No.6 will take of future requirements. But the problem of orienting the existing in-service physical education teachers has to be tackled on a priority basis. (about 7 lakhs of in service primary school teachers). Without such a step the programme of physical education cannot be effectively implemented. In this connection a pilot scheme which we had submitted to the Ministry in June 1991, may be sanctioned.
c) The syllabus of orientation course for inservice Primary school teachers is already proposed by the NAPES. We suggest that State Governments may be advised to take advantage of our personnel from the colleges of Physical education & from the colleges of Physical education & from the state units for organizing orientation courses. The Association will be happy to render any assistance in the matter through our state Liaison Officers or through our Head Quarter in Amravati.
d) It may be emphasized that Zilla Parishad & Municipalities and Corporation may be advised to provide play areas and equipments. Similarly the National Policy had emphasized that pupils should be evaluated in physical education. Hence the scheme of evaluation proposed by the Conference may be brought to the notice of State Governments to be adopted with suitable amendments wherever necessary.
e) Our recommendation to give advance increments to in service teachers completing the orientation course deserves special consideration.
f) This recommencation will help the schools to implement the programme more effectively. The number of teachers required by the school should be in the ratio indicated in this recommendation. Their status and load of work should be at par with other teachers. The Union Ministry may issue a suitable circular to State Governments in the matter.
g) The National Policy on Educationl emphasis on evaluation of pupils in physical education and sports. As recommended in the Conference draft scheme of evaluation for High schools only, is prepared by the Association. This has been based on the framed by the NCERT in its seminar held in 1980. This scheme may be circulated either for implementation or for framing a suitable scheme by an individual state.
h) The related recommendations to physical education, maintaining uniformity in the courses at the graduate level, may be implementation at the post graduate level and the doctorate level.
i) If approved, it may be worthwhile to have a meeting of the representative of this Association and the representative of SAI, NCERT, LNIPE,(LNUPE) and UGC either in Delhi or LNIPE at (LNUPE) Gwalior and to have general consensus of opinion in the meeting so as to enable the Union Ministry to take suitable decision on the related recommendations.



Equivalent Citation : 1993 Air(SC) 2178 : 1993 (I) JT 474 : 1993 (I) Scale 290 :
1993 (I) SCC 645

Unni Krishan J.P. Vs State of A.P.

Date of Judgment : 04-Feb-1993

Articles 21, 41, 45 and 46 - Right to education is to be determined in the light of Articles 41, 45 and 46 of the Constitution - A citizen has a fundamental right to education which flows from Article 21 - however, such right is not an absolute right - Every child citizen of India has right to education which is subject to the limit of economic capacity and development of the State - Such right to education which is implicit in the right of life and personal liberty guaranteed by Article 21 must be construed in the light of Directive Principles of the constitution.

The right to education which is implicit in the right to life and personal liberty which is guaranteed by Article 21 must be construed in the light of Directive Principles in Part IV of the constitution. So far as the right to education is concerned, there are several articles in Part IV which expressly speak of it. Article 41 says that the State shall within its economic capacity make effective provisions for securing right to education, whereas Article 45 says that the State shall Endeavour to provide, within a period of 10 years from the commencement of the Constitution for free and compulsory education to all those children until they complete the age of 14 years. Article 46 commands and the State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interest of the weaker section of the protect them from social injustice. The right to education further means that a citizen has a right to call upon the State to provide educational facility to him within the limits of its economic capacity and development. By saying so Article 21. In such circumstances, it is clear that by reading Article 21, the court would be enabling each and every citizen to approach the court to compel the State to provide such education as he chooses must be held to be unfounded. The right to free education is available only to children until the age of 14 years.